Citations

1. Policy Advocacy Clinic, Berkeley Law School, Status of Juvenile Fee and Fine Reform, Juvenile court fees and fines repeal bills for Washington (2015), California (2017), Utah (2017), Nevada (2019), Maryland (2020), New Hampshire (2020), New Jersey (2020), Colorado (2021), New Mexico (2021), Texas (2021), and Virginia (2021).

2. Juvenile Court Act (1987), 705 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. 405.

3. Policy Advocacy Clinic, Berkeley Law School, “Making Families Pay: The Harmful, Unlawful, And Costly Practice Of Charging Juvenile Administrative Fees In California,” (2017): University of California, Berkeley.

4. Jessica Feierman et al., Juvenile Law Center, “Debtor’s Prison for Kids? The High Cost of Fines and Fees in the Juvenile Justice System,” (2016).

5. “Justice For Families,” Families Unlocking Futures: Solutions to the Crisis in Juvenile Justice 28 (2012).

6. “DuPage County: Family Guide (PDF),” Family Guide: A Guide For Navigating Juvenile Probation (2010), Department of Probation and Court Services, 18th Judicial Circuit Court, (itemizing that counseling for the child or family ranges from $60 to $95 per session).

7. “Annual Reports,” (2020), Illinois Courts, last modified October 15, 2021.

8. “Illinois Juvenile Court Case Counts,” (2019), Easy Access State & County (EZACO), last modified October 15, 2021.

9. While county by county investigation continues, interviews with county officials have confirmed that discretionary fees and fines are mostly waived. With only two statutory fees being mandatory out of 11 fees, this suggests minimal revenue gain.

10. “The Cost of Juvenile Probation: A Critical Look Into Juvenile Supervision Fees,” (2017): National Juvenile Defender Center, https://njdc.info/wpcontent/uploads/2017/08/NJDC_The-Cost-of-Juvenile-Pr....

11. U.S. Dep't of Justice, “Advisory for Recipients of Financial Assistance from the U.S. Department of Justice on Levying Fines and Fees on Juveniles Fees” (2017), https://www.ojp.gov/sites/g/files/xyckuh241/files/archives/documents/Adv...

12. Alex Piquero & Wesley Jennings, “Justice System–Imposed Financial Penalties Increase the Likelihood of Recidivism in a Sample of Adolescent Offenders,” 15 Youth Violence & Juv. Justice 325 (2017).

13. Jessica Feierman et al., “Debtor’s Prison for Kids? The High Cost of Fines and Fees in the Juvenile Justice System,” (2016): Juvenile Law Center.

14. “Illinois 2017 RED Data,” Illinois Juvenile Justice Commission, “FY19 Illinois Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC) Compliance Plan,” (2019).

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